New Zealand Birds Online. Juveniles are similar to adults in non-breeding plumage but have brown tips to some of their dorsal feathers. The Handbook of Bird Identification: For Europe and the Western Palearctic. Grey body, black head, red beak and legs . (ed.) Common tern Scientific name: Sterna hirundo Bird family: Gulls and terns UK conservation status: Amber Protected by The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 Image © Thomas Musson by Thomas Musson. The difference between a non-breeding common tern and an adult breeding white-fronted tern is that a non-breeding common tern is notably smaller, has a smaller and finer beak, longer legs, and a dark shoulder strap. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: White-fronted tern, Arctic tern, Antarctic tern. Terns tend to arrive at a prospective nesting location only a few days before laying, and there is a high degree of synchronisation of laying within a colony. The white-fronted tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. Common tern. A ‘strange’ tern was first spotted by Sav as we scanned the birds roosting at the high tide flock on the end of the spit. At sea it frequently feeds in shoaling fish swarms associated with kahawai, gulls and shearwaters. (eds.) It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. common tern (Sterna hirundo), ... New Zealand. Tennyson, A.J.D. Notornis 39: 319-321. It is light grey above, has red or black legs, and a straight black bill. Taranui, the Caspian Tern, Sterna caspia, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. The eyelids, eyes and bill are black, and the legs vary from black to dull red-brown. Flight calls (nonbreeding, with whimbrel in background). Reader’s Digest, Sydney. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Calls at breeding colony (southern black-backed gull in background), Flight calls over roosting area (red-billed gulls prominent, shore plover in backround), Calls at breeding colony (some red-billed gull calls), Adults calling at breeding colony (black-backed gull in background). Before laying, the male courtship-feeds the female, presenting small fish to her. White-fronted terns are the most common tern species on the New Zealand coast and are often seen in large flocks. The name ‘white-fronted’ refers to the ‘frons’ or forehead, where a thin strip of white separates the black cap from the black bill. The White-fronted Tern is the most widespread tern in New Zealand. Viking: Auckland. Breeding plumage adults have a black-tipped red bill, a black cap extending over the nape and crown to the base of the bill; non-breeding adults have a white forehead and fore-crown, black bill and legs, and a variable dark bar on the inner upperwing. The Terns are an iconic family of New Zealand birds. It has since been reported almost every year from locations in the North Island; there are also a few South Island records. Caspian Tern: Gull-billed Tern (NZ vagrant) Crested Tern (NZ vagrant) White-fronted Tern: Common Tern: Arctic Tern (NZ vagrant) Antarctic Tern: Little Tern: Fairy Tern: Sooty Tern: Bridled Tern (NZ vagrant) Whiskered Tern (NZ vagrant) White-winged Black Tern (NZ vagrant) Grey Ternlet: Common Noddy (NZ vagrant) Black Noddy: White Tern The majority of sightings have been from the Manawatu River estuary, Kapiti coast and Bay of Plenty river mouths, but this may partly reflect observer effort and awareness. 1966. The trans-Tasman dispersal of the white-fronted tern (Sterna striata, Gm.) The common tern is also similar to the rare Arctic tern, which is smaller, normally has shorter legs, sometimes has a red bill, and has a whiter crown in non-breeding plumage. The white-fronted tern is the largest and palest of the three species. Summary. They nest in dense colonies which provide little protection against predation by introduced mammalian predators such as stoats, ferrets, cats, and rats. Common tern. Notornis 7: 65-69. This volume presents over 100 previously unpublished photographs of the three species of common tern in New Zealand: Black-fronted tern, Caspian tern, White-fronted tern. Guest, R. 1992. 3, snipe to pigeons. The tail is white and forked; the length of the tail and depth of the fork decrease in size outside of the breeding season. The bill and feet are red… The forked tail enables the bird to manoeuvre extremely well, which is an advantage in foraging for small fish. Common terns are normally seen in New Zealand from November to April. ; Turbott, E.G. White-fronted terns feed on small and larval fish at sea, in lagoons or up rivers. The eastern subspecies of the common tern is on its nesting grounds from May to September. The best places to spot birds near Auckland. Flying Tern. Geographical variation: Three subspecies are recognised but only the eastern common tern S. h. longipennis has been recorded from New Zealand. New Zealand Birds Online. There are many pelagic records from Australia (i.e. Tiny, delicate-looking tern. They can be difficult to tell apart from other similar-looking terns. • Beaman, Mark; Madge, Steve; Burn, Hilary; Zetterstrom, Dan (1998). Pahi, August 2012. The Antarctic Tern is a medium-sized tern (length 32-36 cm, wingspan 72-79 cm) with grey body and wings, white rump, a white deeply forked tail, and distinctive black cap that reaches down to the bill. ; Miranda – A short drive to Auckland’s South East Coast sees huge flocks of migratory shore birds (seasonal). Tennyson, A.J.D. Voice: Grating and thin Heather, B.D. Book accommodation in Miranda; Shakespeare Regional Park – Pest proof fenced bird sanctuary with wild Kiwi. Breeding usually occurs in large dense colonies on shingle river beds, sand dunes, stacks and cliffs. Collins,Auckland. The first confirmed record was from Pukerua Bay, north of Wellington, in January 1984. Pp. The name ‘white-fronted’ refers to the ‘frons’ or forehead, where a thin strip of white separates the black cap from the black bill. A common tern that hatched in Sweden and was found dead five months later on Stewart Island, New Zealand, must have flown at least 25,000 km (16,000 mi). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. 1985. The scientific name striata refers to the finely-barred (striated) dorsal plumage of recently fledged white-fronted terns, as the original description and name was based on a juvenile bird painted by William Ellis, surgeon’s second mate on the Discovery, on Captain Cook’s third visit to New Zealand. The common tern is a small to medium-sized tern which has distinct breeding and non-breeding plumages. Common terns usually associate with white-fronted terns in New Zealand, but are often on the edge of a flock. Image of bill, longipennis, plumage - 158279792 Most of the terns remain in New Zealand during the winter, but in autumn some white-fronted terns, mostly immatures, disperse to south-eastern Australia. Mainly coastal, but also occurs inland locally. The White-fronted tern is a medium-sized, long-tailed sea Tern that is common around New Zealand coasts. Image © Thomas Musson by Thomas Musson tomandelaine@xtra.co.nz. In Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบธรรมดา, nok naang-nuan klaep tham-ma-daa Binomial name: Sterna hirundo, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The common tern (Sterna hirundo) is a seabird in the family Laridae. Breeding plumage has black cap with white forehead chevron, black-tipped yellow bill. In New Zealand, common terns are frequently confused with the white-fronted tern, which is slightly larger and has slightly paler dorsal plumage. If seen in breeding plumage, the black cap of the common tern extends to the base of the bill, so it is unlike the plumage of the white-fronted tern, which always has a white strip between its bill and its black cap. Around 15 species of terns can be seen on our shores - including both the Antarctic and Arctic Terns, and the rarely seen, ironically named Common Tern. High quality Common Tern gifts and merchandise. The upper parts and upper wings are a pearly grey/white and the neck, underparts and underwings are white. I’ve managed to spy myself four of these species - The White-Fronted Tern, Black-Fronted Tern, Little Tern, and… The influence of age on laying date, clutch size, and egg size of the white-fronted tern, Sterna striata. This volume presents over 100 previously unpublished photographs of the three species of common tern in New Zealand: Black-fronted tern, Caspian tern, White-fronted tern. When breeding the Common Tern is white, with a black crown from bill to nape extending to the bottom of the eye. Rare bird reports in 1991. White-fronted terns often nest adjacent to red-billed gull colonies and some gulls, especially males, specialise in preying on the eggs and chicks of terns. Their body and sharply forked tail are white, and their wings are pale grey. The common tern was first positively identified in New Zealand only in 1984. They are the most abundant tern … birds seen well offshore). They occasionally forage up larger Canterbury rivers, but are seldom found far from the coast. A medium-sized tern with pale grey upperparts, red or black legs, and a straight red or black bill. Flocks of white-fronted terns feeding over shoals of pelagic fish often attract the attention of fishers wishing to troll for kahawai, giving rise to the tern’s alternative name of kahawai bird. The arctic tern has similar coloration to the common tern, but it has an all-red beak and shorter, red legs. The legs are also red. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) with prey, flying past the sun, Minsener Oog, East Frisian Islands, Lower Saxony Wadden Sea. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The white-fronted tern is a medium-sized, long-tailed sea tern that is common around New Zealand coasts. The 1-3 (usually 1) eggs are laid in a slight depression on the bare ground without any nesting material. White-fronted terns feed on small fish at sea or up rivers. Immature birds are similar to non-breeding adults. The white-fronted tern or tara (Sterna striata) is the most common tern living along New Zealand coasts, and on the Chatham and Auckland islands. http://www.nzbirds.com/birds/whitefrontedtern.html, http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3267. Common tern. In Miskelly, C.M. Common terns are gregarious, however most New Zealand records have been of single birds, most of which were associating with white-fronted terns. This bird has a circumpolar distribution, its four subspecies breeding in temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America. White-fronted terns are our most common tern and are a joy to watch with their delicate flight and high pitched calls. In the non-breeding season it migrates south to coastal areas including Australasia. Mills, J.A. Colonies of nesting terns are vulnerable to disturbance by people and their dogs. This tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. White-fronted tern. Prey (mainly small fish) is normally taken by surface or shallow plunging and occasional dipping. Their body and sharply forked tail are white, and their wings are pale grey. Falla, R.A; Sibson, R.B. Ruawai, Northland, March 2015. white fronted tern, Sterna striata, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. The white-fronted tern or tara (Sterna striata) is the most common tern living along New Zealand coasts, and on the Chatham and Auckland islands. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. Lari. (ed.) Most Common Terns develop only a faint greyish flush below (some are darker though). All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. A field guide to the birds of New Zealand. The southern migration begins in August-September and birds fly north again from February. Sometimes a site will be used in successive seasons, but usually the birds change sites in successive years even if they were successful at a specific site the previous season. The most widespread subspecies S. h. hirundo, which has reached Australia but not yet New Zealand, has an orange-red bill with a black tip when in breeding plumage. 2013. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. In the breeding season, the black cap extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck, and both sexes may develop a pink flush to the underparts. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th edn). But your walls are better. Properties Language English Application - is vernacular for Full name ... New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Volume 1. They have the black nape streaked with white and the wing coverts and distinctive light brown mottling. longipennis), at Manawatu Estuary. 2010. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7: 147-153. Printed on 100% cotton watercolour textured paper, Art Prints would be at home in any gallery. Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. All subspecies in breeding plumage have a black cap extending over their nape and crown to the base of their bill. It has a long black bill and short black legs. The New Zealand population has declined markedly over the last 40 years and is currently regarded as At Risk/Declining. scotland, uk - common tern stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images common tern on a bird house, michias seal island - common tern stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Often small stones are brought in to line the bottom of the nest. It is similar in appearance to some other tern species, particularly the white-fronted tern, and so is very hard to identify. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: Common tern, Arctic tern. Eastern common tern Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun White-fronted tern. Breeding occurs mainly on the coast of New Zealand and its outlying islands, Stewart, Chatham, and Auckland Islands, and off northeast Tasmania at Flinders and Cape Barren Islands. 1957. 223-243. It is pale grey above and white below, with a black cap that is separated from the bill by a white band (or by an entirely white fore-crown in non-breeding plumage). Vol. The Sterninae, a sub-family of the Laridae, is comprised of the terns and noddies, a cosmopolitan group of seabirds, with narrow pointed wings and long pointed bills, They are mostly slimmer, longer-tailed and more aerial than gulls. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Higgins, P.J. 2000 (revised edition). The outer edge of the first primary has a narrow black or brownish-black band. In New Zealand, common terns are mainly found on the coast, but are occasionally found on inland waterways. The New Zealand population has been in decline over the last 40 years. These include the common tern and the Arctic tern, both from the Arctic region, and the little tern and the white-winged black tern from Asia. The back and upperwings are grey, the rump dark brown and the bill is red, tipped black. Oxford University Press: Melbourne. The New Zealand bird views series highlights the common birds in New Zealand – the birds we view every day but tend to take for granted because they are always there. Pair-bonds are retained from one season to the next. Readers Digest complete book of New Zealand birds (ed.Robertson, C.J.R.). 20/01/03 Common tern, Sterna hirundo (prob sub sp. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3270. At Kaikoura in 1976, of 180 nests, 81% contained one egg and 19% two. 2013 [updated 2020]. The name ‘common tern’ is a misnomer in New Zealand as this species is a very rare vagrant here. ; Shaw, P.W. The head is capped in black to below the eye, leaving a white area above the bill. Predators or humans entering a colony are repeatedly dived at. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. They usually have red bills with black tips (all-black in Asian longipennis). Some of these mix with flocks of New Zealand’s native white-fronted terns. Readily identified by tiny size, though wintering adults can be confusingly similar in patterning to Common Tern; look out for black stripes extending from the shoulder to the wingtip. The White Fronted Tern is the most common tern in New Zealand. New Zealand birding discussion forum. Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Te Papa Press, Wellington. A medium-sized tern, pale grey above and white below, with a long white forked-tail, a black cap separated from the long pointed black bill by a white band, and a narrow dark band on the outer edge of the first primary. It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. A medium sized tern that has an all white body including under wing and forked tail, with grey hues that flow over the upper wing. High quality Terns inspired Art Prints by independent artists and designers from around the world. common tern (sterna hirundo) flying in oban town centre while fishing. It breeds from eastern Siberia south to China. Colorful nature background. So there isn’t much contrast with the white cheek. Adult non-breeding. Most other ‘capped’ terns, including the black-fronted tern, have black caps that reach the bill when in breeding plumage. In Miskelly, C.M. ; Robertson, H.A. The call is a high pitched 'siet'. In breeding adults a striking black cap covers the head from forehead to nape, leaving a small white strip across the top of the black beak. MacCulloch, A. 1996. Similar species: the white-fronted tern is easily distinguished from the two other widespread New Zealand tern species (the much larger Caspian tern, and smaller, darker black-fronted tern), but is very similar to the Arctic tern and especially the common tern, which are rare visitors to New Zealand. Terns Several species of tern migrate to New Zealand each year in small numbers. White-fronted terns are common all around New Zealand coasts. The New Zealand bird views series highlights the common birds in New Zealand – the birds we view every day but tend to take for granted because they are always there. Adult. London: Christopher Helm. White-fronted terns often breed in ephemeral sites such as river beds, estuaries or river mouths that are subjected to frequent flooding. Other names: tara, kahawai bird, sea-swallow, swallow tail, black-billed tern, whitefronted tern, white fronted tern, White-fronted tern. 1980. It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. Break out your top hats and monocles; it’s about to classy in here. There are no diet data from New Zealand. The white-fronted tern also known as Tara, Sea Swallow, Black-billed Tern, Kahawai Bird, Southern Tern, or Swallow tail, was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. The pilings of an old bridge in Tauranga are a regular nesting site for a small group and is easily accessible for photography from the footpath on the … It is pale grey above and white below, with a black cap that is separated from the bill by a white band. The white-fronted tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. Common Tern NZOR Identifier: 9e3cf7a0-6e17-4647-aa63-7b66f26f90cb. The Common Tern is actually common in the northern hemisphere, and is less so in Australia. Outside of the breeding season the cap recedes, leaving the forehead white. In Checklist Committee (OSNZ) 2010. Breeding adults have a black cap that extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck; non-breeding adults have a reduced cap leaving the forehead white. The sub-family comprises about 42 species in seven genera. Sexes are similar but females are slightly smaller. ; Davies, S.J.J.F. ISBN 0-7136-3960-1. Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. Feeding terns dive from 5-10 m above the surface. Birds in non-breeding plumage have the black cap receded to above their eyes, and have a variable dark ‘cubital bar’ on the inner upperwing. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. The common tern is a rare vagrant to New Zealand, but is probably an annual visitor that is often over-looked. ABOVE: A Common Tern in breeding plumage photographed in July in Sweden. oban, argyll. A vagrant non-breeding Antarctic tern is another species that could be confused with common and Arctic terns, but Antarctic terns have not been reported north of Foveaux Strait. Similar species: easily confused with other medium-sized tern species and only distinguished with care. Voice: the main call is a high-pitched siet; a harsh keark or keeahk is uttered by birds defending their nests. These wintering terns are frequently seen on the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. Once widespread around the North Island and on the eastern South Island, the New Zealand fairy tern now breeds at only four main nesting sites - … Mills, J.A. Tiritiri Matangi Island – Bird Sanctuary accessible by Ferry from Auckland CBD, a great day trip. Actual flight distances are, of course, much greater than the shortest possible route. Clark, W.C.; Dawson, E.W. The sexes are similar. 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